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Semicanonical bases and preprojective algebras II: A multiplication formula

Christof Geiß, Bernard Leclerc, Jan Schröer

Number 35
Author Jan Schröer
Year 2007
Journal Compositio Mathematica 143 (2007), 1313-1334.

Let n be a maximal nilpotent subalgebra of a complex symmetric Kac-Moody Lie algebra. Lusztig has introduced a basis of U(n) called the semicanonical basis, whose elements can be seen as certain constructible functions on varieties of nilpotent modules over a preprojective algebra of the same type as n. We prove a formula for the product of two elements of the dual of this semicanonical basis, and more generally for the product of two evaluation forms associated to arbitrary modules over the preprojective algebra. This formula plays an important role in our work on the relationship between semicanonical bases, representation theory of preprojective algebras, and Fomin and Zelevinsky’s theory of cluster algebras. It was inspired by recent results of Caldero and Keller.

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